Contrast-Enhanced Spectral Mammography: A Radiologic-Pathologic Perspective of a Novel Functional Imaging Modality for Breast Cancer

Keywords: Contrast-Enhanced Spectral Mammography (CESM), Digital Breast Tomosynthesis, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Low energy, Subtracted Image, Full-Field Digital Mammography (FFDM)


Contrast-enhanced Spectral Mammography (CESM) is an emerging and promising functional imaging modality that tries to address the paucity of physiologic-based tumor imaging for the detection of breast cancer.

This article describes two cases of women with non-dense and dense breasts presenting with clinically palpable breast masses and the depiction of breast cancer utilizing Contrast- enhanced Spectral Mammography.


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How to Cite
Buenaflor, M. T., & Moria, F. (2017). Contrast-Enhanced Spectral Mammography: A Radiologic-Pathologic Perspective of a Novel Functional Imaging Modality for Breast Cancer. Philippine Journal of Pathology, 2(2), 41. Retrieved from
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