Needs Assessment for Establishment of Telepathology in the Philippines


  • Christine Mae Olivar University of the Philippines Manila
  • Godofredo II Inciong University of the Philippines Manila
  • Paul Fontelo National Institute of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA



telepathology, Philippines, pathology, needs assessment, telemedicine


Objective. The Philippines has more than a hundred ten million population with a very limited number of general pathologists and subspecialist pathologists. Consultation of pathologists with other pathologists is important to ensure accurate results for difficult cases. However, pathologists are not always accessible to review slides. Telepathology can provide access to other pathologists by sending microscopic images through the internet. This study explores the needs of pathologists for consultation in their practice that may be aided by telepathology. The status of current pathology practice and subspecialty consultations across the different regions in the Philippines were determined and the readiness of pathologists for telepathology was identified.

Methodology. This is a cross-sectional descriptive study using an 18-item online survey questionnaire based on the World Health Organization guidelines on needs assessment for medical devices. The survey was distributed among anatomic pathologists practicing in the Philippines.

Results. One hundred forty (140) pathologists responded and were included in this study. 5-10% of cases of respondents required subspecialty referral. Diagnostically challenging cases and confirmation of malignancy are the most common reasons for consultation. Respondents practicing outside the National Capital Region (NCR) have fewer subspecialist pathologists available for referrals within their region. Turnaround times for signing out challenging cases are longer outside NCR (>7 days) compared to NCR (4-7 days). Most respondents have access to the basic equipment to perform telepathology, which includes, an internet link, a smartphone with high-resolution camera and a computer. Almost all respondents will use telepathology if it is available.

Conclusion. A hub-and-spoke telepathology network can provide access to subspecialty consultation to reduce the diagnostic turnaround time and to increase the accuracy of results for challenging cases. The availability of the minimum telepathology infrastructure and the positive attitude of the pathologists towards telepathology may be indicators of readiness for a local telepathology system in the Philippines.


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Author Biographies

Christine Mae Olivar, University of the Philippines Manila

Graduate Student and Clinical Associate Professor

Godofredo II Inciong, University of the Philippines Manila

Lecturer 2, Medical Informatics Unit

Paul Fontelo, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA

Staff Scientist, Applied Clinical Informatics Branch, Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications, National Library of Medicine


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How to Cite

Olivar, C. M., Inciong, G. I., & Fontelo, P. (2023). Needs Assessment for Establishment of Telepathology in the Philippines. PJP, 8(2), 18–24.



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