Attitudes and Perceptions of Filipino Clinicians and Pathologists towards the Autopsy as a Medical Tool

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21141/PJP.2023.13

Keywords:

autopsy, pathologists, clinicians, attitudes, perceptions

Abstract

Background. Globally, autopsy rates have been continually declining over the course of several years. Previous studies have shown that the perception of pathologists and clinicians may serve as significant factors which may affect the performance of autopsy and contribute to its decreased rate. This study was conducted to determine the attitudes and perceptions of Filipino clinicians and pathologists toward the autopsy as a medical tool.

Methodology. This is a cross-sectional descriptive survey of two groups of physicians. Forty-four (n = 44) pathologists nationwide and thirty-three (n = 33) clinicians from Central Visayas participated in the study. A total of seventy-seven (n = 77) physicians completed a survey using a standardized online questionnaire.

Results. Of the 77 respondents, 94% of clinicians and 75% of pathologists believed that autopsies could provide relevant findings that could change future clinical practice. Despite this, only 6% of clinicians and 20% of pathologists indicated that the number of autopsy cases in their institutions was sufficient. With regards to their practice, pathologists most strongly agreed (mean = 4.30) that material for medico-legal autopsies should be readily available for teaching and research. However, they most strongly disagreed (mean = 2.00) that residents receive adequate training in performing medico-legal autopsies. The two groups of physicians surveyed determined that there is a deficiency in the number of autopsy cases.  This is further influenced by clinicians’ concerns about litigation, religious/superstitious beliefs, and the delay in releasing autopsy results. Furthermore, pathologists specified that performing autopsies was excessively time-consuming with an unjustifiable cost. Sixty-two percent of the pathologists signified more strongly than the clinicians that modern diagnostic techniques have diminished the need to perform hospital autopsies. Nonetheless, 86% of Filipino physicians acknowledged that the autopsy is an important medical tool that should be performed for patients with unknown diagnoses and unexpected death. The number of observed and/or performed autopsy cases was a major factor that affected the pathologists’ attitudes and perceptions toward autopsy.

Conclusion. In general, there is recognition of the autopsy’s usefulness as a medical tool among the pathologists and clinicians surveyed.  However, the lack of cases referred for autopsy remains a challenge undermining the benefits that are derived from its performance.

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Author Biographies

Kathrina Aseanne Acapulco-Gomez, Perpetual Succour Hospital, Cebu City, Philippines

Pathology Department

Irene Uson, Perpetual Succour Hospital, Cebu City, Philippines

Pathology Department

References

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Published

2023-12-18

How to Cite

Acapulco-Gomez, K. A., & Uson, I. (2023). Attitudes and Perceptions of Filipino Clinicians and Pathologists towards the Autopsy as a Medical Tool. PJP, 8(2), 25–34. https://doi.org/10.21141/PJP.2023.13

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Original Articles